Crossroads Bible Church is affiliated with the Christian and Missionary Alliance (C&MA), a world-wide family of churches committed to fulfilling the Great Commission by living out the fullness of Jesus, building His church, and carrying light into the dark parts of our neighborhood and churches.
In 1881, Dr. Albert B. Simpson, as a result of God’s healing and work in his heart, resigned his pastorate in order to work full time in evangelism. By 1887, he had generated enough interest in missions that a convention was held in Maine from which a movement was born, a movement to “take the whole Bible to the whole world”. Dr. Simpson felt that bringing the gospel to others was a fundamental part of being a Christian. His intent was to encourage churches to increase their involvement with personal spiritual growth and missions. The convention members voted to create two societies: The Christian Alliance and the Evangelical Missionary Alliance, which ten years later merged to form the Christian and Missionary Alliance. This movement was not popular with everyone and, enthusiasts, discouraged or rejected by their churches, formed their own groups called “branches” that often functioned as churches themselves. More and more churches began to affiliate themselves with the C&MA over time so that, in 1974, they formally became an evangelical denomination. The primary emphasis of this new denomination, as always with the C&MA, is to glorify God through spiritual growth, evangelism and missions.
Today, there are more than 2,000 Alliance churches in the United States and nearly 20,000 fellowships in 81 countries around the world. More than 4 million Christians call themselves “Alliance,” united by an unquenchable passion to reach our communities for Christ and provide access to the gospel where no access yet exists.
For a more complete description, visit C&MA’s logo page.
As in every church, there are a few people in its history that stand out, that have influenced the mission and culture of the church or Christendom. There are two historical figures that often come up when discussing the cultural and theological foundation of the C&MA:
Albert Benjamin Simpson, C&MA founder, educated at Knox College in Toronto. Simpson was extremely prolific, publishing over 70 books, many songs and poems, and founded and edited a magazine for nearly 40 years (now called Alliance Life).
He was called to preach at the young age of 15. At the age of 21, he accepted his first pastorate in fulfillment of that calling. The key to Simpson’s spiritual life, according to a friend, was to find a private spot and silence his mind in the presence of the Lord until he could hear the ‘still small voice’ of God. The impact of this practice was amazing. God gave him a vision for a city-wide revival while pastoring in Louisiville, Kentucky. Hundreds were saved in the campaign resulted and churches swelled.
God continued to increase his burden to reach the lost until finally, in 1881 he began a full time ministry that focused on evangelization. From humble beginnings, this ministry soon moved into its first headquarters, in New York, that Simpson called the “Gospel Tabernacle”. In time (skipping many details), it became the C&MA, an independent denomination that focused on missions and evangelism as a core principle.
Simpson eschewed anything that prevented a person from fellowshipping more deeply with God. He also believed that divine healing and spiritual gifts were a natural part of Christian life, a view that departed from more conservative Christian bodies of the day. Simpson, however, could not deny that he had experienced God’s healing touch personally. He had struggled with illness since childhood and eventually a doctor told him he had only a few months to live. Not long after, God granted him complete healing.
He continued to seek the lost until his death; his last prayer were for the missionaries he aided in sending all over the world.
Aiden Wilson Tozer, 1897-1963, a contemporary with Simpson for a short period. He had no formal education, yet he was theologically well read (received two honorary doctorates), authored more than 50 books (some of which are still published), and became editor of Alliance Life in 1950. His homespun style, commitment to a spiritual life of prayer, identification with the common man and uncompromising message made him a very popular and profitable preacher and teacher, all of which earned him the reputation of “a 20th-century prophet”.
His first call was to a small storefront C&MA church in 1919 and he continued to pastor in C&MA churches until his death.